In order to draft a Skirt you will need to have taken your Clients Measurements and filled out the Skirt Measurements sheet. Keep in mind that you will already have some of these measurements taken earlier on the Bodice Measurements sheet, you can simply transpose these measurements from the Bodice Measurements sheet (they are marked with an *).
You will then need to fill out the calculations in column 2.
Then work out the Dart information in column 3.
It is a little tricky as you can’t really use a calculator as you are dealing with inches, but use your ruler to help and don’t worry about any stray 1/16”, round them down if this helps.
The calculations need to be read very carefully – if you need to confirm how the calculations are worked out use the Sample Measurements Sheet and work through that as an example.
The following draft information is taken from the Sample so that you can see what it would look like and you could practice using these figures to start with if you would like to.
Instructions for creating a Skirt for Stretch to fit fabrics is also included at the end of this Unit.
Drafting the Skirt Working Template
Unlike for the Bodice you don’t use a Base Template for the Skirt you go straight into drafting a Skirt Working Template.
The process other than that is really the same as before, draft the Working Template, True up the draft, create a cutting copy, create a Test Garment, fit the Test Garment, and make alterations on the draft. Then if you wish you can Preserve the Skirt Working Template.
At that point you will have a fitted Skirt Working Template. From that you can make your Flexible Patterns changing the style of skirt, and length etc. and add in your other design features such as further Darts, Closures, Pockets, Pleats, Gathers, and Splits etc.
A word about ease - The calculations in column 2 on the Measurements Sheet have taken care of the wearing ease initially as you can’t put in too much otherwise the Skirt would just fall down. It will become clear when creating a Test Garment if you have allowed enough ease for your garment, remember to get the Client to sit down in the Test Garment and walk to ensure it has enough wearing ease. Therefore initially it is recommended to create the Test Garment with around 1” for Seam Allowance to give you room to accommodate any alterations in fitting.
Given this information then it is usual to only have one Skirt Working Template.
You should really create a Skirt Working Template if you are making a Skirt as it is drawn slightly differently to an extended skirt off a Bodice and the Darts on the Front Draft are further around the body, i.e. less central.
To start with you need to create a frame to work in otherwise known as a ‘Block’.
On a clean sheet of paper draw 2 rectangles adjacent to each other. The first rectangle will be the Front Draft and the second will be the Back Draft and we are drafting half a Front and half a Back as usual. (If you have a client with an asymmetrical body you will need to discuss how you will progress this as you may need to draft a full Front and Back to meet their requirements).
The rectangles will be 20” in length, which is an approximate length from Waist to Knee to give you a starting point. Later you can reduce or extend the length as desired when drafting the Flexible Pattern. This measurement is your choice for now really.
The width of the rectangles are the widest part of the body which is usually the Lower Hip measurement so use your measurements off your measurements sheets. I am using 10 2/8” for the Front and 9 ½” for the Back off the Sample Measurements Sheet.
I am using measurements off the Sample Measurements Sheets for this instruction.
Take your time drawing the Frame out ensuring that you square off all of your lines. Also use your pencil to do this, I have drawn in red pen so that you can see the Frame clearly in the photos.
Label the Front and the Back.
Next draw in the lines for the Hip Bone Line and the Lower Hip Bone using the Depth measurements from the Waist, i.e. Hip Bone Depth and Lower Hip Bone Depth and label the lines. Draw them on the Front and the Back and ensure that your lines are squared off from the Waist.
Orientate yourself by labelling the Waist Line at the top and the Base Line at the bottom.
Mark the Centre Front and Centre Back. Mark the Sides for the Front and Back Drafts.
This Skirt Working Template will include a Waist Dart on both the Front and the Back Draft just as you did on the Bodice and you can decide if you wish to use them or not when you draft you Flexible Patterns.
Working on the Front Draft
Mark on the measurements from Centre Front for the Hip Bone Line and the Lower Hip Line.
Mark along the Waist for the Inside Waist Dart Leg it will be at the measurement worked out in Column 3 for the Front Dart Distance from Centre Front.
From this Mark measure out for the Front Waist Dart Width (from Column 3) to give the Outside Waist Dart Leg. (Upon checking this measurement on the Sample Sheet I realised that I had made a mistake during drafting as the correct measurement is 7/8” not 1 5/8”. The Back Dart therefore is 7/8” also therefore the length could be reduced down to 3 ½”. For the sake of time I did not redraft and photograph, but this does go to show – check your measurements!).
Calculate the Front Waist + the Front Waist Dart Width and mark this point on the Waist Line.
Now the position of the Waist Dart in Front may change after fitting. Depending on the size of the belly you may or may not like the position of this Dart. In Fact a larger belly does not look flattering at all with Front Waist Dart so you may even determine that it needs to be removed and you would simply not use it – you would shave off this amount from the Side and then redraw the Side Line.
Add in Waist Shaping, Mark a point 3/8” below the Waist on the Centre Front Line. Then using the curve connect this point to the end of the Waist that was just marked.
Ensure that the new line is squared off at Centre Front.
Here you can see how I have corrected the shaping at Centre Front to ensure that there is no peak going across the Front of the Skirt.
Connect the Dart Legs down to the new Waist Shaping, ensure that you square them down.
Mark the Centre Dart Point and draw a line squared off from here which will be the Centre Dart Line.
Measure from the Waist Shaping down for the Dart Length that you calculated in Column 3 of the Skirt Measurements Chart. Then draw in the Dart Legs to the Waist Shaping.
In this example the Dart width is wider than 1” so I am taking a larger Dart length to spread the Dart Bulk along, so I could use 4 ½”or even a little more in this case if I feel that I need it. Fitting will help assess this later, if the Dart length is not long enough you will see a slight bubble of fabric appear at the point of the Dart. Extending the length of the Dart will deal with that, and you can see the affect of it during fitting by pinning out the Dart further in length.
Draw in the curve for the Side from Waist Line to Hip Bone Line then from Hip Bone Line to Lower Hip Line.
You can see that I have also firmed up the Side Line and crossed out excess above the Waist Shaping and Side that will be removed.
Working on the Back Draft
As with the Bodice we are going to add in Back Shaping so that you can use it as an option to help with fitting later.
Measure in from Centre Back 3/8" along the Waist Line. And Measure down 3/8” for the Waist Shaping. Draw a line squared off from the Waist at the 3/8” marked point.
Measure the distance between the Hip Bone Line and the Lower Hip line and work out approximately 1/5th of the measurement. An easy way to do this is to work out the measurement in eights then divide this by 5, you want an approximate measurement.
Mark the 1/5th measurement down from the Hip Bone Line on the Centre Back line. Then connect this point with the end of the Waist Shaping that you drew above. This line will be drawn on a diagonal.
The Back Dart is going to be placed approximately centrally on the Back Waist. I say approximately because if the division creates sixteenths I will not divide down to this level, I will stick to eighths and just make sure the Dart is central and that the Waist measures the correct length taking into account that there is Dart Bulk and Back Shaping.
Measure out half of the Waist measurement from the Back Shaping at Centre Back and mark this point. Then mark a point for the Back Waist Dart Width. Then mark out the other half of the Waist measurement.
In my example here I have a total of 6 3/8” for the Waist measurement so used 3 1/8” on one side and 3 2/8” on the other side, I think this is close enough. You can play around with the position of the Waist Darts during your fitting and get the best look aesthetically so it does not need to be an exact science.
Add in the Waist Shaping as you did for the Front Draft. Measure down 3/8” on the Back Shaping and ensure you square off this line for ½” or so and then continue the curve up to the end of the Waist Line.
Draw in the Centre Dart Line and mark down the Dart length from the Waist Shaping line.
In this example I am going to stay with 4 ½” as the Back Dart is still a large Dart.
Draw the Dart Legs squared down to the Waist Shaping and then draw in the Dart Legs to the new Dart Point. (As detailed above there is an error with the width of this drafted dart it should be 7/8" and there the length of the Dart could be reduced down to 3 1/2". But you use your own calculated measurement.)
Measure the Hip Bone Line from the Back Shaping and if the Waist Dart takes up some of the measurement ensure that you account for that and don’t include it in the Hip Bone Line measurement. Also check the Lower Hip Line measurement.
Draw in the Side outline from Waist to Hip Bone Line then from Hip Bone Line to Lower Hip Line.
I have also brought the mark out on the Hip Bone Line by 1/8” to accommodate the space taken up by the Dart on the Hip Bone Line this corrects the shape slightly.
In this example you can see that because of the large Waist Dart that the Side Shaping is difficult to draw in as a smooth line it has quite an angle to it on the Hip Bone Line and it is tempting to redraw the line to connect up the Waist to the Lower Hip Line to get a smoother line.
You really have 2 choices here you can redraw the Side Line and guess its position, like the position here drafted in pencil. which takes the Hip Bone Line out by another 3/4".
Or you could leave as it is for now and not add in this excess fabric at the Hib Bone Line that may need to be removed during fitting.
Its really your choice so you decide if you find you have this issue. Personally I do think that it is easier to pinch out excess fabric during a fitting rather than adding on extra seam allowance just in case and then opening seams up and drawing in a new seam line to give extra fabric. I know this does mean a little guess work with the Side Line position but you are adding not taking away in this instance.
I can tell you that during fitting in this instance I actually ended up reducing the Lower Hip Line measurement by around 1/4" which meant that I actually needed to only increase the Hip Bone Line by 1/2" and those two alterations smoothed out the Side Line on the draft quite nicely.
You can then cut apart the Front from the Back Draft.
Then True up the Darts for the Front and the Back Draft. I place the Dart Bulk facing out to the Side to reduce the fabric bulk on the belly as much as possible.